All islands of the opposing party should be removed within ten days of the signing of the agreement. Forty-eight days after the signing ceremony, i.e. until September 13, all military hazards must be removed from the DMZ. Talks on a ceasefire began on 10 July 1951 in the North Korean town of Kaeséng in Nordhwanghae province, near the South Korean border.  The two main negotiators were Chief of Staff Nam Il, Vice Premier of North Korea, and U.S. Vice Admiral Charles Turner Joy.  After a two-week period, on 26 June 1951, a five-part agenda was adopted until the ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953. The points to be discussed were that Colonel James Murray handed over the documents to General Harrison and he signed the documents around 1001. Nam IL quickly joined.
Harrison signed at 1010, and it took him another minute. In 1011, it was done. Stalin`s response to Mao`s June 21 telegram, when he rejected his request for additional weapons and discussed the possibility of a ceasefire. The ceasefire also established rules for prisoners of war. The agreement stated that the CPC Central Committee would instruct Chinese representatives at the United Nations on how to respond to the confrontation on the Korean issue. Chinese officials must express their willingness to end military action and express a desire to know the positions of the United Nations and the United States on the conditions for a ceasefire. War detention (POW) was an important and problematic issue in the negotiations.  The Communists held 10,000 prisoners of war and UNC 150,000 prisoners of war.  PvA, KPA and UNC were unable to agree on a return system because many VPA and KPA soldiers refused to be repatriated to the North, which was unacceptable to the Chinese and North Koreans.  In the final ceasefire agreement, signed on 27 July 1953, a return commission of the Neutral Nations, chaired by Indian General K. S.
Thimayya, was established to deal with the issue.  The armistice signed on July 27, 1953 ended the bloodiest war in Korean history. This agreement defined the inter-Korean border and became the cornerstone of all relations between North and South.