Erdogan welcomed the agreement reached with Putin on the transfer of Kurdish fighters outside the border. The three countries formally reached an agreement in Geneva on Tuesday on the formation of the committee and proposals submitted on Thursday to the UN special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, for approval and review by the UN Security Council. “With this agreement, we have ruled out a major humanitarian crisis in Idlib,” Erdogan told reporters at the press conference with Putin. “Under this agreement, Turkey and Russia will not allow a separatist agenda on Syrian territory,” he said. Russia initially promised to create a constitutional commission for Syria at a meeting in January in the Black Sea city of Sochi, but differences of opinion over the composition of the commission and fighting in Syria have slowed progress. The agreement was widely seen as good news for Ankara and a bad outcome for the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which, like last week`s US agreement, is based on the fact that Turkey is entitled to a buffer zone on its border at its expense. In particular, it cements Moscow`s new role as the main mediator of power in the Middle East, as the influence of the United States in the region fades. The Geneva agreement was signed by Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlàt Afeolu, his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov and Iran`s Javad Zarif, and highlights how the West has lost control of the Syrian crisis to the trio of countries of the so-called Astana group. Russian military police and Syrian border guards, controlled by President Bashar al-Assad, will facilitate the expulsion of Kurdish fighters and weapons from Wednesday noon to the depths of 18 miles from their positions at the border, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevl-t Avolu and his Russian counterpart, Sergei Lavrov, said after their respective presidents announced the agreement to reporters. Back to the treaty list by topic, type of agreement, year and/or country But Jeffrey said that if an agreement on the committee could be reached, the next logical step would be to reach a national ceasefire overseen by the United Nations. Agreements between Washington and Ankara on a safe zone along the Syrian-Turkish border have failed due to different definitions of the area. Erdogan hailed the deal as a “historic agreement,” while spoke to reporters alongside Putin.
“Russia will certainly take the necessary steps to ensure that the Idlib de-escalation zone is not attacked. Together, we will ensure that third-party provocations and violations of the agreement are flushed out and avoided. If the UN and the Astana group are able to reach an agreement, the result would be a form of legacy for De Mistura at the end of his term. He has been criticized by some for not doing more for a deal during the seven-year civil war, but his supporters say he could not have negotiated a deal if the major external powers were not prepared to force the forces that supported them in Syria to compromise. The agreement between the United States and Turkey last week did not specify the size of the area in which Turkey also plans to bring back up to 2 million of its 3.6 million Syrian refugees – a policy critics call demographic engineering. 1. Both sides reaffirm their commitment to maintaining the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and protecting Turkey`s national security. Trump has been heavily criticized for his decision to withdraw the remaining 1,000 U.S. special forces from the region, highlighting the Turkish attack on the SDF, the U.S. ground partner in the five-year campaign for Isis` defeat.