Nato`s mission remains primarily a military alliance, but it has also been a community of values from the beginning. And while NATO has sometimes chosen to look the other way, promoting democracy among its members has always been a reflection. NATO participates in three alliances that extend their influence beyond its 28 member countries. The first is the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, which helps partners become NATO members. It includes 23 non-NATO countries that support NATO`s objective. It started in 1991. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union began to deteriorate rapidly in 1948. There were sharp differences of opinion on Germany`s post-war status, with the Americans insisting on the German takeover and possible rearmament, and the Soviets strongly opposing such actions. In June 1948, the Soviets blocked all ground travel in the American zone of occupation in West Berlin, and only a massive American airlift with food and other necessities supported the population of the area until the Soviets sank and blocked it in May 1949. In January 1949, in his State of the Union address, President Harry S. Truman warned that the forces of democracy and communism were mired in a dangerous struggle, and called for an alliance to defend the nations of the North Atlantic – the U.S. military in Korea.
In April 1949, representatives from Germany, Canada, Denmark, France, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway and Portugal joined the United States in signing the NATO agreement. The signatories agreed: “An armed attack on one or more of them… be considered an attack on them all. President Truman hailed the organization as a “shield against aggression.” In March 2008, Ukraine, under the leadership of Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko and Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, sent an official letter of candidacy for an Action Plan for Membership (POP), the first step towards NATO membership. However, these leaders assured their opposition that membership in a military alliance would not be achieved by referendum without the agreement of public opinion.  This idea has been supported by a number of NATO leaders, particularly those from Central and Eastern Europe.  Russian leaders such as the Prime Minister and President-designate Dmitry Medvedev have clearly expressed their opposition to accession to Ukraine and, prior to the Bucharest summit in April 2008, their envoy actively opposed a Ukrainian POP. After some discussions among the summit members, NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said at a press conference that Ukraine and Georgia will one day join NATO, but that none of them will begin the accession action plans.  At the summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin, in his last international speech before joining Medvedev, listed his grievances with NATO, calling Ukraine`s accession a “direct threat” to his country.  In 2007, the Parliament of Serbia adopted a resolution declaring its military neutrality until a referendum on the subject was held.  On 1 October 2008, Serbian Defence Minister Dragan Utanovac signed the information exchange agreement with NATO, one of the preconditions for wider membership of the Partnership for Peace programme.  In April 2011, NATO approved UNAP`s application and Serbia submitted a draft IPAP in May 2013.
 The agreement was reached on January 15, 2015.  Sweden`s ruling Social Democratic Party remains in favour of neutrality and freedom of alliance.  This preference is shared by their partners, the Greens, as well as by the left-wing party. The centre-right moderate party and the Liberal Party are the main parties currently in Parliament for NATO membership.  The Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014 was welcomed by new public demands from prominent political figures in favour of NATO membership.  The centrist party was opposed to NATO membership until September 2015, when the party leadership, under the leadership of Annie Lef, announced that it would apply