Relations have declined enormously following the peace agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates in 2020, when the Iranian government condemned the agreement as a “dangerous” sting in the back of Palestinians and Muslims and called it a “shameful” act of “strategic stupidity” on the part of the United Arab Emirates and the United Arab Emirates. , which would only serve to strengthen the “axis of resistance” in the Middle East. She added that Palestinians and the world`s inhabitants would never forgive the United Arab Emirates.  Many threats from Iran have been directed against the United Arab Emirates after attempting to normalize relations with Israel.  In response, the UAE Foreign Ministry summoned the Iranian Minister of Affairs on 16 August and criticized Rohani`s speech as “unacceptable and incendiary”, which could have an impact on the security scenario in the Gulf. She also said that the protection of the UAE embassy in Tehran was Iran`s duty. Meanwhile, the Chief of Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces, Mohammad Bagheri, said that their strategy towards the United Arab Emirates would now change and that the United Arab Emirates would be held accountable in the event of an attack on Iran by the Persian Gulf.  The conservative newspaper Kayhan, whose editor-in-chief is appointed by Iran`s Supreme Leader, warned that the agreement had made the United Arab Emirates a “legitimate and simple objective.”  The agreement makes the United Arab Emirates the first Arab state in the Gulf – and the third Arab country after Egypt and Jordan – to maintain full diplomatic relations with Israel. They announced this in a joint statement and said that agreements were expected in the coming weeks between Israel and the United Arab Emirates in areas such as tourism, direct flights and embassies. The opening of relations between Israel and the United Arab Emirates will certainly have repercussions, but it is too early to say what it will be. It can lead to a cascade of other Arab countries that recognize Israel. The expansion of economic relations between two of the richest countries in the Middle East will certainly benefit both economies. On the other hand, it could increase tensions in the Persian Gulf, encourage Iran to resume its search for nuclear weapons to protect itself from invasion and increase the risk of full war.
In the meantime, the Palestinians will be under additional pressure to accept a bad deal, because the most powerful Arab states clearly show that they don`t care, and the two-state solution still seems unworkable, as do the alternatives. Despite the new peace agreements, the Middle East remains as strategically complex and dangerous as it was a week ago, and this is unlikely to change in the near future. But the “Abraham Accords,” as it is known as the Israel-UAE agreement, represent a significant change in the balance of power in the Middle East and are presented by Trump White House as a major foreign policy coup.